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Chromium



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Chapter 3 : Chromium



Chromium arrow_upward


  • Chromium is an essential mineral that is required in the maintenance of our health.
  • Chromium is a trace element essential to the metabolism of lipids (cholesterol), glucose, and insulin regulation.
  • Chromium is involved in the production of insulin and the release of glucose's energy from cells.
  • Chromium is referred to as the master regulator of insulin, a potent metabolic hormone involved in protein, carbohydrates and fat metabolism.

  • Functions of Chromium arrow_upward


  • Chromium is one of the important minerals. Some of its important functions include:
    • It improves function of insulin in the body and mat result in good control of sugar level in the blood.
    • It has been found beneficial for those individuals suffering from type II diabetes in reducing the level of insulin.
    • It provides relief from depressive symptoms in an individual with atypical depression.
    • It is beneficial in maintaining the composition of fat as well as muscles when weight loss occurs.

    Sources of Chromium arrow_upward


  • Food sources of chromium include:
    • Brewer’s yeast
    • Lean meats (especially processed meats)
    • Cheese
    • Pork kidney
    • Whole-grain breads and cereals
    • Molasses
    • Spices

    Daily Dose of Chromium arrow_upward


  • The recommended daily intake for chromium as given by the National Institutes of Health is:

  • Group

    Dose/day

    Children

    11 mcg

    Teenagers

    35 mcg

    Men

    30 -35 mcg

    Women

    20- 25 mcg

    Pregnant women

    30 mcg

    Lactating women

    30 mcg



    Deficiency Symptoms of Chromium arrow_upward


  • Hypo (and hyper) glycaemia
  • Diabetes
  • Fatigue
  • High blood pressure
  • Arterial disease:
    • Heart disease
    • Stroke
    • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Obesity
  • High cholesterol
  • Mood swings

  • Excessive Intake and Toxicity Symptoms arrow_upward


  • The harmful effects of toxicity of chromium are:
    • Irritation in the nose, bleeding from the nose, running nose and sometimes even ulcers or holes may develop in the nasal septum.
    • The affected person might experience an upset stomach or sometimes stomach ulcers can develop too.
    • If the skin comes in contact with some chromium (VI) compounds, it can lead to skin ulcers.
    • Skin allergies can develop in some people leading to skin rashes, redness, itching and swelling in the affected area.
    • Chromium toxicity can cause respiratory problems such as difficulty in breathing and coughing and may lead to bronchitis or asthma.
    • If a person ingests a huge amount of hexavalent chromium, it can lead to severe toxicity of chromium in him, causing life-threatening health conditions and diseases such as kidney damage, convulsions, liver damage, and in some cases even death.


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