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Capital Rules



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Chapter 5 : Capital Rules



Capital Letters arrow_upward


  • The act of printing with upper case letters is known as capitals.
  • Capital (or upper-case) letters are important in English.
  • Capital letters are used to give emphasis to or call attention to certain words to distinguish them from the context.

  • Small and Large Letters arrow_upward


  • Each letter of the English alphabet can be written as a "small letter" or as a "large letter".
  • Large letters are also called "capital letters" or "capitals".

  • Capital Letter

    Small Letter

    A

    a

    B

    b

    C

    c

    D

    d

    E

    e

    F

    f

    G

    g

    H

    h

    I

    i

    J

    j

    K

    k

    L

    l

    M

    m

    N

    n

    O

    o

    P

    p

    Q

    q

    R

    r

    S

    s

    T

    t

    U

    u

    V

    v

    W

    w

    X

    x

    Y

    y

    Z

    z



    Simple Capitalization Rules arrow_upward


  • The names of holidays are capitalized
    • Christmas
  • The names of the months of the year and the days of the week are capitalized.
    • January
    • Monday
  • The names of countries and continents are capitalized.
    • United States
    • Antarctica
  • Capitalize the words: avenue and street
    • Fourth Avenue
    • Wall Street
  • The abbreviations Mr., Mrs. and Ms. are always capitalized and followed by a period.
    • Mr. John
    • Mrs. Maria
  • The names of deities are capitalized.
    • Buddha
    • Allah
  • The word republican is capitalized when it refers to the Republican or Democratic Party.
    • The Republicans won the election
    • The Democrats won the election
  • Capitalize the words capitol, senate, when referring to the Capitol Building, the Senate.

  • Capitalization arrow_upward


  • Capital letters are used for two main purposes in English:
    • To show the beginning of a sentence.
    • To show that a noun is a proper noun.
  • The first letter of every new sentence is capitalized.
  • For example:
    • This is my house. (Statement)
    • Are you going to school? (Question)
    • Watch out for the truck! (Exclamation)
  • The Pronoun ā€œIā€ is always capitalized.
  • For example:
    • I am not happy.
    • Am I the first person here?
    • Tell me what I have to do.
  • Proper nouns (also called proper names) are the words which name specific people, organizations or places.
    • They always start with a capital letter.
  • Example:
    • Empire State Building (a building, a monument)
    • Grand Canyon (a canyon, a geographical wonder)
    • Atlantic Ocean (an ocean, a body of water)
    • Metropolitan Museum of Art (a museum, an institute)
    • Ford Explorer (an automobile, a sport utility vehicle)
    • Harvard University (a college, a university)
    • Union of South Africa (a country, a union)
    • Saudi Arabia (a country, a kingdom)
    • Saturday (a day, the weekend)

    The Use of Large Letters (Capitals) arrow_upward


  • We use capitals for the first letter of sentences, names, days and months as well as for some abbreviations.
  • We always write the first person pronoun as a capital.
  • It is not usual to write whole sentences in capitals.
  • A sentence or paragraph written in capitals is extremely difficult to read.
  • In informal English, we sometimes call capitals just "caps".
  • Small letters are sometimes called "lower case" and large letters "upper case".


  • Thank You from Kimavi arrow_upward


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