Chapter 1 : Importance of Spelling
Spelling is the writing of one or more words with letters and diacritics.
Spelling can be defined as a code that uses letter sequences to represent specific words that have an associated pronunciation and meaning within the mental dictionary.
Misspell: To spell incorrectly
Topics covered in this snack-sized chapter:
- Misspellings reflect laziness on the part of the writer.
Can you trust a writer who does many spelling mistakes?
Based on below you can determine who is smarter, Writer A or Writer B.
- It causes readers to doubt “everything” in the document.
- Writer A: I am smarter than you
Ability to spell correctly is critical for success in professional life.
All word processing programs do not catch misused and misspelled words.
- Writer B: I am smarter then you
Good spelling requires passion for words and their meanings.
Use the meaning of words and parts of words to spell.
Understand rules for modifying words when adding prefix or suffix.
Understand meaning of words and identify relationships between and among words.
Word Root: Fundamental meaning of a word.
Prefix: Attached to beginning of a term to modify its meaning.
Suffix: Attached to end of a term to modify its meaning.
Combining Vowel: Used to ease pronunciation - usually an “o” (e, i, or u).
Misuse of word division.
- You need to develop a good eye for catching spelling mistakes.
Lack of understanding of what to capitalize and when.
Errors in Capitalization:
Share the same spelling and the same pronunciation but have different meaning.
A word or phrase that has been shortened by leaving out some of the letters is called a contraction.
Homonyms, or multiple meaning words, are words that share the same spelling and the same pronunciation but have different meanings.
Homophones, also known as sound-alike words, are words that are pronounced identically although they have different meanings and often have different spellings as well.
- A bear (the animal) can bear (tolerate) very cold temperatures.
- Foul (odor) / fowl (bird)
Develop an interest in words.
- Rose (flower) / rose (past tense of “rise”)
One of the important parts of improving spelling is proofreading:
- The way words are built up using syllables
- Review your draft deliberately, moving your eyes along slowly under each and every word.
- Look for spelling errors.
A: Absence, Accommodation, According, Against, Aisle, Although, Apologize.
B: Beautiful, Beginning, Believe, Business.
C: Calendar, Consensus, Cemetery, Confidence, Criticize.
D: Defendant, Disappoint, Drunkenness, Despair, Distance, Disguise, Difference, Describe, Decided, Dilemma, Disappear.
E: Easiness, Exceed.
F: Famous, Finish, Forest, From, Form.
G: Guest, Guarantee, Guilty, Government, Gauge.
H: Halve, Happened, Here, Hear, Height, High.
I: Illegible, Indispensable, Information, Interest, Imagine, Immediately, Independent, Irresistible.
L: Liquefy, Language, Listen, League.
M: Maintenance, Month, Mountain, Machine, Measure, Meant, Merchandise, Memorandum.
N: Necessary, Neither, Nighttime.
O: Occurrence, Occasion.
P: Pastime, Paragraph, Period, Phrase, Possible, Preferred, Pressure, Prominent, Purpose, Pursue.
Q: Quite, Quiet, Queue, Questionnaire.
R: Recommend, Receive, Remember, Receipt, Reference.
S: Separate, Soldier, Sugar, Sure, Sergeant, Says, Similar, Sincerely.
T: Tyranny, Thousands, Temperature, Thorough, Tomorrow, Theater, To, Two, Too, There, Their, They're, Truly, Tournament.
U: Unfortunately, Until, Usually, Unforgettable.
V: Vacuum, Variety, Various, Vary, Vehicle, Vicious, Village, Villain.
W: Wear, Where, We're, Weird.
- Be alert for problems that have plagued you in the past.