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Prefixes and Suffixes



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Chapter 4 : Prefixes and Suffixes



Prefixes and Suffixes arrow_upward


  • A prefix is a group of letters placed at the start of a root word to change its meaning.
    • A prefix changes the meaning of a word
    • un + happy = unhappy
  • A suffix is an ending that's added to a base word to form a new word.
    • A suffix changes the meaning of a word
    • rest +  ful = restful
  • Simply
    • Root word = main word
    • Prefix - beginning
    • Suffix – ending

    Root Word arrow_upward


  • A root word is a word in its simplest form.
  • A root word has nothing added to it.
  • Examples:
    • Write
    • Read
    • Play

    Type of Prefixes arrow_upward



    Prefix

    Meaning

    Examples

    Anti-

    against or opposite to

    Antibiotic

    Auto-

    Self

    Automation

    De-

    Opposite

    Destroy

    Dis-

    not, or away

    Dissatisfied

    In-

    not

    Insane

    Il-

    not

    Illegal

    Im-

    not

    Immature

    Ir-

    not

    Irrelevant

    Inter-

    between

    International

    Mis-

    wrong

    Misspell

    Post-

    after

    Postscript

    Pre-

    before

    Prenatal

    Pro-

    for, or forward

    Pro-India

    Re-

    again, or back

    Reconsider

    Sub-

    under

    Substandard

    Super-

    above

    Supervisor

    Trans-

    across

    Transport

    Un-

    not, or in reverse

    Unfinished



    How Prefixes Change a Term? arrow_upward


  • Perirenal: pertaining to surrounding a kidney.
  • Suprarenal: pertaining to above the kidney.
  • Intrarenal: pertaining to within a kidney.

  • Prefixes un- and dis- arrow_upward


  • Two common prefixes are un- and dis-, both meaning not, or the opposite of

  • un+equal

    unequal

    dis + please

    displease

    un +` foreseen

    unforeseen

    dis+ order

    disorder

    un+ likely

    unlikely

    dis+ respect

    disrespect



    Prefixes: in-, il-, ir-, im- arrow_upward


  • Use il- before words starting with l
    • So, not legible = illegible.
  • Use ir- before words starting with r
    • So, not relevant = irrelevant.
  • Use im- before words starting with m but also in front of words starting with p.
    • So, not mature = immature
    • Not perfect = imperfect
  • Use in- before any other letter
    • Not adequate =inadequate
    • Not capable = incapable
    • Not decent = indecent
    • Not offensive = inoffensive

    Type of Suffixes arrow_upward


  • Consonant Suffixes:

  • Suffixes

    Examples

    -ful

    Joyful

    -less

    Useless

    -ly

    Openly

    -ment

    Movement

    -ness

    Darkness


  • Vowel Suffixes:

  • Suffixes

    Examples

    -er, -or

    Collector

    -en

    Hidden

    -ish

    Foolish

    -ation

    Reservation

    -ing

    Sitting



    How Suffix Changes a Word? arrow_upward


  • Cephalic = pertaining to the head
  • Cephalad= towards the head
  • Cephalalgia = pain in the head, or a headache


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