Chapter 7 : Vowel and Consonant
Understanding of vowels and consonants is important for correct spelling.
It helps in better understanding of sounds of English.
A vowel is any sound with no audible noise produced by constriction in the vocal tract.
5 letters (a, e, i, o, u) always represent a vowel.
Usually found in the middle of words
A consonant is a sound with audible noise produced by a constriction.
There will be more than one in a word (in most cases).
There are 21 letters (b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z) which always represent a consonant.
b as in bat, sob, cubby
d as in date, hid, ado
g as in gas, lag, ragged
p as in pet, tap, repeat
t as in tap, pet, attack
k as in king, pick, picking
s as in soft, miss
z as in zoo, as
i as in bit
u as in put
ei as in bait
ai as in bite
oi as in boy
uw or u as in boot
When two vowels are together such as a double o (oo), the long vowel sound u is used.
This can also be used with (ee) to make the long vowel e sound and so on.
In most cases when there is an e at the end of a word the vowel in the middle of the word, it will have a long vowel sound.
Topics covered in this snack-sized chapter:
For better spelling, it is important to know the difference between vowel sounds and consonant sounds.
But the important thing is the sound, not the letter.
Often the letter and the sound are the same, but not always
For example, the word "pay" ends with:
Here are some more examples:
Understanding Vowels and Consonants for Spelling arrow_upward
ends with the letter
ends with the sound